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John Maynard Keynes Contribution To Economics History …
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Реферат: John Maynard Keynes Essay Research Paper The
Latin America at the Crossroads:An Introductory Essay. Not for the first time in its arduous history, Latin America stands poised at a crossroads. Continuing along the present path of deepening indebtedness, never-ending recession, plummeting employment and household impoverishment is simply unsustainable. Essay John Maynard Keynes? It would be a mistake to conclude that the dominant economic policy paradigm in essay, the region is exclusively responsible for this sorry performance. Essay About John Keynes? Nonetheless, the verdict is now in on the ability of the market-based economic policies associated with the Washington Consensus to generate positive results: The market-driven model has failed miserably, and essays, alternatives need to be put in place sooner rather than later. Historians may look back on about john keynes the utter collapse of the Argentine economy in 2001 as the critical moment that awakened the world to the extent of the region-wide crisis. The Argentine debacle carried with it the real possibility of analogous breakdowns in neighboring Uruguay and Brazil.  Perhaps more importantly, the crisis coincided with persistent economic emergencies across much of the Andes and significant portions of Central America and organizational culture thesis, the Caribbean. The full range of neoliberal reforms were not applied in all of the countries that teetered on the brink of social and economic catastrophe at one point or another from the mid-1990s through 2002. About? Yet even where popular resistance had managed to research paper, block domestic implementation of some market-oriented reforms, the crises and their social repercussions could be traced to the impact of a broadly neoliberal international regime on domestic economic stability.
Argentina was crucial, not only for the extreme nature of its predicament and the breadth of keynes its reverberations, spanning oceans beyond Latin America, but also because it had for so many years served as the model for essay warming effects, the advocates of wholesale privatization, deregulation, trade liberalization and financial integration. Finally, Argentina’s ordeal reflected the degree to which today’s Latin American economic crisis is of even greater dimensions than that which accompanied the Great Depression or the debt crisis of 1982. Argentina may or may not represent the proverbial straw that broke the essay about john keynes camel’s back. But there is little doubt that its crisis marked the end of the period during which power-holders in Latin America, and its de facto capital city for economic policymaking, Washington, D.C., could ignore the outrage over the inevitable consequences of the economic model prescribed for the region. However we allocate blame for the economic devastation that has brought ruin to addiction, millions of households across Latin America and the Caribbean, it is about john keynes time to label the introduction drug experience clearly.
There should be no dispute that it qualifies as a tragedy of historic proportions. Protests from the about maynard direct victims of this region-wide tragedy have time and again elicited reactions of disinterest, dismissal or suppression from thesis government officials and international financial institutions. Before the Argentine collapse, few were willing to listen to progressive intellectuals or advocacy groups outside the region who condemned, as consciously or inadvertently pernicious, the process of wholesale privatization, institutional dismantling and regressive redistribution that was being foisted upon Latin American countries for roughly two decades. But those raised voices can no longer be ignored. It is not only that the evidence of failure now exceeds the john keynes capacity for denial of even the most impervious economists. Rather, what is most significant is that the political pendulum has now swung decidedly against introduction drug addiction the champions of the market as a one-size-fits-all solution to essay about john keynes, Latin America’s economic woes. In one Latin American country after another, progressive leaders have come to office and are confronting the established paradigm, as Cecilia Lopez Montano notes in her contribution to effects, this NACLA Report.
At times, as in Brazil, they are doing so only at the margins, at least for now. But elsewhere, as in Argentina and, arguably, in Venezuela, they are confronting that paradigm and its apostles head on. Perhaps most importantly, the shift is now emerging beyond the context of national level economic policies. This point was driven home last September when developing countries walked out of the trade negotiations at keynes Cancun, declaring themselves fed up with the collusive charade being enacted by the governments of the United States and the European Union. To say that we have reached a turning point is not to predict any single likely outcome. Quite the contrary, in Latin America as in so much of the world, we are witnessing a moment of highly uncertain flux. That very uncertainty signals the degree to on global warming effects, which what is at stake in the debate over Latin American development strategies is about john a matter of intense struggle.
As Keith Nurse underlines in his critique of grendel topics developmentalist discourse in this report, this struggle is highly political as well as economic. He reveals the often diverging interests of North and South, not to mention the depth of the chasm separating the forces that wish to john keynes, safeguard hierarchies and privilege from those who would overturn these in the interest of social justice. This is also an intellectual struggle between the defenders of orthodoxy who inhabit the corporate world, developed country governments and international financial institutions, and on to write the other side, their critics, who march in the streets or who work in advocacy organizations, academia, policymaking positions in Southern governments or in development agencies of various kinds. This NACLA Report aims to enter this fray, to provide an overview of some of the questions that are being debated vigorously in Latin America and john, the Caribbean, and to highlight some of the more provocative ideas circulating among progressive analysts of addiction development in the region. We do not aim to achieve consensus, not to mention closure. Indeed, it would be premature to essay about john maynard, attempt either. Our admittedly more modest objective is simply to situate the present conjuncture in topics, a broader historical context, to signal areas of particularly heated controversy and to suggest some elements of an eventual alternative. We reject in advance the objections of essay about john maynard those who would demand that we must put forth compelling answers to all pending questions before the prevailing model can be abandoned. Quite the culture contrary: It is about john well past time for those in the policymaking community who have spear-headed the thesis more than two decades of essay keynes devastation to recognize the depths of essays their failure and to acknowledge the legitimacy of schools of thought diverging considerably from their own. The Mexican debt moratorium of 1982 brought to a sudden close the inward-oriented development model that had prevailed throughout the region—to differing degrees—at least since the Second World War.
Though it afforded greater opportunities both for upward mobility and for sustaining social solidarities than the market-oriented model that succeeded it, the post-war recipe for development was far from perfect, and none of the contributors to this issue of the Report proposes its resuscitation. Based on protection of domestic markets, subsidies for local industry, public investment and favoritism toward organized producers (who more often than not were disproportionately male, white and urban), it achieved impressive rates of economic growth and constructed incomplete but often ambitious systems for social protection. It was during this period that social security, unemployment insurance, health care and extensive public education became accessible to substantial segments of the middle and working classes. Of course, these achievements were woefully partial and in about john maynard keynes, more cases than not were bequeathed from the state by authoritarian leaders instead of conquered from below by a mobilized citizenry. Perhaps for this reason, these accomplishments came at considerable cost. On Crime Trends? Latin America’s inequalities remained among the most severe on the planet, because social groups that lacked privileged ties to the prevailing political order did not share in the fruits of the industrial boom or the state-building process that endured for several decades. Exclusion was particularly widespread among Latin Americans residing in the countryside. For them agrarian reform all too often remained an unfulfilled promise—if it was promised at all—as oligarchies, which in some cases remain entrenched to this day, resisted even timid efforts to modernize land tenure regimes.
Nor did the benefits of this model extend to the tens of millions of urban poor who toiled under conditions of essay about maynard informality, frequently residing in the urban squalor of teeming shantytowns that sprung up inexorably as rural communities migrated to the cities when their agricultural livelihoods disappeared. The highly centralized systems that characterized this period were also exclusionary in other respects. They typically allowed little space for citizens to articulate demands autonomously or to forge creative solutions to collective concerns at local and community levels or in their relationship to the broader political order. In short, while the development paradigm that was eclipsed with the debt crisis was not a total failure, it was not an effective strategy for empowering subaltern populations or for constructing social and political citizenship in the broadest, most emancipatory sense of the term. The story of neoliberal adjustment and restructuring is sufficiently well known that there is no need to recount it here. It suffices to say that much of what was constructed during the pre-debt crisis decades of economic growth has eroded to on crime trends, the point of near extinction. In South America, for example, the industrial landscape has decayed dramatically and probably, irretrievably. The minority of about maynard industrial units that survive competitively have boosted productivity to levels hardly imaginable not long ago, but these typically represent mere enclaves, accounting for negligible employment and connecting unevenly, at best, to the broader fabric of economic life. Although industry has performed better in essay topics, Mexico and in parts of Central America and the Caribbean, dynamism has been concentrated in production of relatively low value-added goods in export processing zones that typically afford low wages and essay about john maynard keynes, limited ties to domestically-oriented enterprises. Thus, the pay someone to write an essay for you industrial upgrading that is rightfully given priority by several contributors to this NACLA Report remains elusive, and the result is that both the supply of jobs and their quality is inadequate to meet the needs of essay keynes households and communities throughout the region. Much the same can be said for agricultural production, where again the greatest advances have been achieved in sectors that are oriented to essay godfather movie, external markets and that provide only limited benefits in employment or in essay maynard, demand for domestic enterprises.
The restructuring of the past two decades has also had a devastating impact on the institutional underpinnings of social welfare. Latin America’s social security systems and public universities, to cite just two examples outside the narrow realm of on crime economic production, were flawed fundamentally. But they were worthwhile beginnings for societies that imagined a future in which all citizens would share opportunities to improve their lot. Those institutions, victims of chronic under-funding and keynes, of an ideologically driven crusade to relegate the essay on the godfather movie provision of public goods to essay john, the market, now face extinction. However, all has not been lost. On Crime? Public expenditures on education and social services have in fact increased substantially in about john maynard, recent years virtually everywhere in Latin America, a trend supported by both the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. And while tax systems remain regressive and raise insufficient amounts of revenue given the to write an essay range of urgent social and economic needs, the reality is john keynes that the research administrative capability of states to collect taxes has risen substantially. In this regard, as with advances in the efficiency and transparency with which some public services are delivered, not all of the reforms advocated by multilateral institutions must necessarily be jettisoned in order for a progressive alternative to take hold. Indeed, there are noteworthy instances in which Latin America’s peoples are reaping the benefits of administrative reforms aimed at facilitating what Judith Tendler described, in her aptly titled book, as Good Government in the Tropics. It is essay about keynes possible to build on these gains, but—as each of the contributors to topics, this issue of the NACLA Report argues—for that to be possible at least two decisive shifts are imperative. Above all, policy- making must abandon a fundamentalist faith in essay about john keynes, markets and in the desirability of economic growth as the “be all and end all” of economic development. Instead, as Mariama Williams argues in her account of the on the godfather movie contribution made by feminist economists to understanding collective well-being, priority must be given to enhancing the social welfare of the populations that inhabit Latin America and essay john, the Caribbean.
That transformed emphasis for policy—on satisfying people’s needs rather than on maximizing space for efficient operation of markets or on implementation of any other narrow ideological agenda couched in terms of technocratic efficiency—is as urgent as it is straightforward. Secondly, and not unrelated, development must be understood as inextricably linked to the construction of democratic societies in on global effects, which people’s needs and john maynard keynes, preferences are recognized as essential underpinnings of on crime sound public policy. The past decades of Latin American history are replete with examples of market-oriented reforms that were imposed over the objections—or behind the backs—of the citizenry, often by leaders who had been elected to office precisely on the basis of pledges not to enact such measures. Yet even where it can be argued plausibly that painful reforms were overdue—cutbacks in protections for privileged sectors of the civil service are one obvious example—the costs of top-down imposition of change have typically far exceeded those of the problem they supposedly aimed to overcome. Whether motivated by their own distance from the everyday lives of the people they govern or by essay about maynard keynes, pressures to conform to essay on the, the demands of international investors or officials of john maynard keynes multilateral agencies, political leaders throughout Latin America enacted the Washington Consensus without regard to public opinion. It has become commonplace to observe that, in godfather movie, so doing, they undermined societal trust in essay, democratic institutions and leaders. But the costs of this exclusionary approach to decision-making run much deeper. They are found in pay someone an essay, the absence of civic engagement and social solidarity that characterizes many Latin American and Caribbean societies where awareness of collective interests once permeated political discourse. Overcoming this particular legacy of about john maynard neoliberal reform will take decades and will require vibrant efforts from social movements, from government officials and from citizens in all walks of life. Juan Pablo Perez Sainz and Katherine Andrade-Eekhoff are right to emphasize that the prospects for improving social welfare in the region will hinge on the capabilities of communities to forge integrative projects for development. In other words, it is essential to elaborate strategies for change that incorporate the abilities and interests—and thus the enthusiasm—of the broadest possible segments of the population.
Anything less than that will be insufficient to overcome the heritage of essay on the godfather polarization and essay maynard, underdevelopment that pre-dates the neoliberal era but that has grown so much more severe under its auspices. To identify a socially-driven agenda and a politically democratizing mode of drug addiction decision making as crucial is an important step forward, but for these aspirations to about maynard keynes, be realized will require prolonged practical and pay someone, intellectual struggles. It is toward the fusion of such currents of struggle that this issue of the Report is directed. The issues that could—indeed, that must—be addressed are far greater than we can accommodate in john maynard keynes, any single issue of the introduction Report. Essay Maynard Keynes? Our intention, however, is to expand upon on crime, this effort during subsequent issues over the next year. Debate about development alternatives will continue for some time to come and in many different venues.
One such venue may well be the Annual Conference on Development and Change, which Fred Rosen chronicles in the next article of this report. It provided the initial occasion for about keynes, the contributors gathered herein to share ideas about these issues. There will be others as well, and NACLA will strive to bring to on the, its readership information about these events and analyses of the john maynard debates that they engender, for Latin America and the Caribbean, as for other regions of the South. ABOUT THE AUTHOR. Eric Hershberg, a Program Director at the Social Science Research Council, is a guest editor of this Report. He is currently a Visiting Fellow at grendel topics Princeton University’s Program on essay about maynard keynes Latin American Studies (PLAS) and the Princeton Institute for essay warming, International and Regional Studies (PIIRS) and President of NACLA’s Board of Directors. 1. I am grateful to PLAS and PIIRS for funding support during the writing and essay, editing of this Report and to essay on global effects, Fred Rosen for comments on essay about john maynard keynes an earlier draft of this essay. Errors of omission, commission or interpretation are solely my responsibility. 2. Indeed, the contagion effects were substantial. Uruguay’s GDP declined by 4% during 2001 and an additional 11% during 2002.
By the end of last year, per capita GDP had fallen to introduction addiction research paper, $3,700 from $6,800 at the end of 1998. See . Essay About Keynes? The Brazilian economy, meanwhile, labors under draconian budget cuts and interest rates kept sky-high in a desperate—so far successful—attempt to persuade Wall Street bondholders that its left- of-center government can be relied upon to essay on global, ensure healthy returns on their investments. In both countries, the situation could grow considerably worse. 3. Perhaps the essay most systematic review of the reforms, and one that ultimately assigns a mixed report card to addiction paper, Washington Consensus policies, is Barbara Stallings and Wilson Peres’, “Growth Employment and Equity,” (Brookings, 1999). The authors conclude that the biggest failures are distributional and in the realm of essay maynard social policy and employment. 4. See Sue Branford and Bernardo Kucinski, Lula and the Worker’s Party (New York: The New Press, forthcoming 2003). 5. A useful overview of the problem of inequality in Latin America is on global Kelly Hoffman and Miguel Angel Centeno, “The Lopsided Continent: Inequality in Latin America,” Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 29, pp. 363-390, August 2003.
6. See the 2003 UNDP Human Development Report, pp. 266-268. 7. Judith Tendler, Good Government in the Tropics (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998). Like this article? Support our work. Donate now. Sign up for our NACLA Update for announcements, events, the latest articles, and more! NACLA relies on our supporters to about maynard, continue our important work.
With the right resurgent throughout the hemisphere—from Brazil to Colombia, Argentina to the United States—NACLA's research and analysis is more important than ever. Please support our work! The Center for Latin American and to write an essay for you, Caribbean Studies (CLACS) at maynard keynes New York University is an interdisciplinary teaching, research, and public information program. Latin American Perspectives is a theoretical and scholarly journal for discussion and debate on the political economy of capitalism, imperialism, and socialism in the Americas. INFO About Staff Board Jobs Contact SUPPORT US Donate Store Become a Member MAGAZINE Advertise Archives CONNECT NACLA newsletter Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. NACLA | c/o NYU CLACS, 53 WASHINGTON SQ.
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John Maynard Keynes Essay - 2191 Words
Why Footbinding Persisted in China for a Millennium. For the past year I have been working with Britain’s BBC television to make a documentary series on about maynard keynes the history of women. In the latest round of filming there was an incident that haunts me. It took place during a segment on effects the social changes that affected Chinese women in the late 13th century. Every Step a Lotus: Shoes for essay about john maynard keynes, Bound Feet.
Cinderella's Sisters: A Revisionist History of essay on the movie, Footbinding. These changes can be illustrated by essay john keynes, the practice of grendel essay, female foot-binding. Some early evidence for it comes from the tomb of Lady Huang Sheng, the wife of an imperial clansman, who died in 1243. Archaeologists discovered tiny, misshapen feet that had been wrapped in gauze and about john maynard keynes placed inside specially shaped “lotus shoes.” For one of my pieces on camera, I balanced a pair of embroidered doll shoes in the palm of my hand, as I talked about Lady Huang and the origins of foot-binding. When it was over, I turned to the museum curator who had given me the shoes and pay someone to write for you made some comment about the silliness of using toy shoes. This was when I was informed that I had been holding the real thing.
The miniature “doll” shoes had in john maynard fact been worn by a human. The shock of discovery was like being doused with a bucket of for you, freezing water. Foot-binding is said to have been inspired by a tenth-century court dancer named Yao Niang who bound her feet into the shape of a new moon. She entranced Emperor Li Yu by dancing on her toes inside a six-foot golden lotus festooned with ribbons and about john maynard precious stones. In addition to altering the shape of the foot, the practice also produced a particular sort of gait that relied on the thigh and buttock muscles for support. From the start, foot-binding was imbued with erotic overtones. Gradually, other court ladies—with money, time and a void to fill—took up foot-binding, making it a status symbol among the elite. A small foot in China, no different from a tiny waist in Victorian England, represented the on global height of john, female refinement. For families with marriageable daughters, foot size translated into essays on crime trends, its own form of currency and john maynard a means of achieving upward mobility.
The most desirable bride possessed a three-inch foot, known as a “golden lotus.” It was respectable to have four-inch feet—a silver lotus—but feet five inches or longer were dismissed as iron lotuses. The marriage prospects for such a girl were dim indeed. As I held the research paper lotus shoes in my hand, it was horrifying to keynes, realize that every aspect of on global, women’s beauty was intimately bound up with pain. John? Placed side by side, the shoes were the length of my iPhone and less than a half-inch wider. My index finger was bigger than the “toe” of the shoe.
It was obvious why the process had to begin in childhood when a girl was 5 or 6. First, her feet were plunged into essays, hot water and essay about her toenails clipped short. Then the feet were massaged and oiled before all the toes, except the big toes, were broken and bound flat against the sole, making a triangle shape. Next, her arch was strained as the foot was bent double. Finally, the for you feet were bound in maynard place using a silk strip measuring ten feet long and two inches wide. On Crime Trends? These wrappings were briefly removed every two days to essay about, prevent blood and pus from infecting the foot. Sometimes “excess” flesh was cut away or encouraged to rot. The girls were forced to walk long distances in organizational culture order to hasten the breaking of their arches. Essay Maynard Keynes? Over time the wrappings became tighter and the shoes smaller as the heel and sole were crushed together. After two years the essay on global process was complete, creating a deep cleft that could hold a coin in place. Once a foot had been crushed and bound, the shape could not be reversed without a woman undergoing the essay about maynard same pain all over again.
As the essays on crime practice of foot-binding makes brutally clear, social forces in China then subjugated women. And the about maynard impact can be appreciated by topics, considering three of China’s greatest female figures: the politician Shangguan Wan’er (664-710), the poet Li Qing-zhao (1084-c.1151) and the warrior Liang Hongyu (c.1100-1135). All three women lived before foot-binding became the norm. They had distinguished themselves in their own right—not as voices behind the throne, or muses to inspire others, but as self-directed agents. Though none is well known in the West, the women are household names in China. Shangguan began her life under unfortunate circumstances. Essay About John Keynes? She was born the year that her grandfather, the addiction paper chancellor to Emperor Gaozong, was implicated in a political conspiracy against the emperor’s powerful wife, Empress Wu Zetian. After the plot was exposed, the irate empress had the male members of the Shangguan family executed and all the about maynard keynes female members enslaved.
Nevertheless, after being informed of the introduction drug paper 14-year-old Shangguan Wan’er’s exceptional brilliance as a poet and scribe, the empress promptly employed the girl as her personal secretary. Thus began an extraordinary 27-year relationship between China’s only female emperor and the woman whose family she had destroyed. Wu eventually promoted Shangguan from cultural minister to chief minister, giving her charge of drafting the imperial edicts and decrees. Essay Maynard? The position was as dangerous as it had been during her grandfather’s time. On one occasion the empress signed her death warrant only to have the punishment commuted at the last minute to facial disfigurement. Shangguan survived the empress’s downfall in 705, but not the political turmoil that followed. She could not help becoming embroiled in the surviving progeny’s plots and counterplots for the throne. In 710 she was persuaded or forced to draft a fake document that acceded power to the Dowager Empress Wei. During the bloody clashes that erupted between the factions, Shangguan was dragged from her house and beheaded.
A later emperor had her poetry collected and recorded for posterity. Many of her poems had been written at imperial command to commemorate a particular state occasion. But she also contributed to the development of the “estate poem,” a form of poetry that celebrates the courtier who willingly chooses the simple, pastoral life. Shangguan is considered by some scholars to be one of the forebears of the High Tang, a golden age in Chinese poetry. Pay Someone An Essay For You? Nevertheless, her work pales in significance compared with the poems of Li Qingzhao, whose surviving relics are kept in a museum in her hometown of Jinan—the “City of Springs”—in Shandong province. Li lived during one of the john more chaotic times of the Song era, when the country was divided into northern China under the Jin dynasty and southern China under the Song. Her husband was a mid-ranking official in the Song government. They shared an intense passion for art and poetry and were avid collectors of ancient texts. Li was in her 40s when her husband died, consigning her to an increasingly fraught and penurious widowhood that lasted for another two decades. At one point she made a disastrous marriage to a man whom she divorced after a few months. An exponent of ci poetry—lyric verse written to popular tunes, Li poured out grendel essay topics her feelings about her husband, her widowhood and her subsequent unhappiness.
She eventually settled in about john Lin’an, the capital of the southern Song. Li’s later poems became increasingly morose and despairing. Topics? But her earlier works are full of joie de vivre and erotic desire. Like this one attributed to her: . I finish tuning the pipes. face the john maynard keynes floral mirror. crimson silken shift. over icelike flesh.
in snowpale cream. glistening scented oils. to my sweet friend. my silken curtains. your pillow, your mat. Literary critics in later dynasties struggled to essay on global, reconcile the woman with the poetry, finding her remarriage and essay about keynes subsequent divorce an affront to Neo-Confucian morals. Ironically, between Li and her near-contemporary Liang Hongyu, the former was regarded as the topics more transgressive. Liang was an ex-courtesan who had followed her soldier-husband from essay maynard keynes camp to camp. Already beyond the essay topics pale of respectability, she was not subjected to the usual censure reserved for women who stepped beyond the nei —the female sphere of domestic skills and household management—to enter the wei , the so-called male realm of essay about, literary learning and public service. Liang grew up at a military base commanded by her father. Her education included military drills and learning the essays trends martial arts.
In 1121, she met her husband, a junior officer named Han Shizhong. With her assistance he rose to maynard, become a general, and together they formed a unique military partnership, defending northern and central China against incursions by pay someone to write an essay, the Jurchen confederation known as the Jin kingdom. In 1127, Jin forces captured the Song capital at Bianjing, forcing the Chinese to establish a new capital in the southern part of the country. The defeat almost led to a coup d’etat, but Liang and her husband were among the military commanders who sided with the beleaguered regime. She was awarded the title “Lady Defender” for her bravery. Three years later, Liang achieved immortality for her part in essay keynes a naval engagement on introduction drug research the Yangtze River known as the keynes Battle of essay, Huangtiandang. Using a combination of drums and flags, she was able to signal the essay about john position of the for you Jin fleet to her husband. The general cornered the fleet and held it for 48 days. Liang and Han lie buried together in a tomb at the foot of Lingyan Mountain. Her reputation as a national heroine remained such that her biography was included in the 16th-century Sketch of a Model for Women by Lady Wang, one of the four books that became the standard Confucian classics texts for women’s education.
Though it may not seem obvious, the essay john keynes reasons that the Neo-Confucians classed Liang as laudable, but not Shangguan or Li, were part of the same societal impulses that led to the widespread acceptance of foot-binding. First and foremost, Liang’s story demonstrated her unshakable devotion to her father, then to her husband, and through him to on global, the Song state. As such, Liang fulfilled her duty of obedience to the proper (male) order of society. The Song dynasty was a time of tremendous economic growth, but also great social insecurity. In contrast to essay john, medieval Europe, under the Song emperors, class status was no longer something inherited but earned through open competition.
The old Chinese aristocratic families found themselves displaced by a meritocratic class called the literati. Entrance was gained via a rigorous set of civil service exams that measured mastery of the Confucian canon. Essay? Not surprisingly, as intellectual prowess came to be valued more highly than brute strength, cultural attitudes regarding masculine and feminine norms shifted toward more rarefied ideals. Foot-binding, which started out as a fashionable impulse, became an expression of Han identity after the Mongols invaded China in 1279. The fact that it was only performed by essay, Chinese women turned the practice into a kind of shorthand for ethnic pride. Periodic attempts to ban it, as the Manchus tried in the 17th century, were never about foot-binding itself but what it symbolized. To the Chinese, the practice was daily proof of their cultural superiority to the uncouth barbarians who ruled them.
It became, like Confucianism, another point of organizational, difference between the Han and the rest of the world. About John Keynes? Ironically, although Confucian scholars had originally condemned foot-binding as frivolous, a woman’s adherence to both became conflated as a single act. Earlier forms of Confucianism had stressed filial piety, duty and pay someone to write an essay for you learning. John Keynes? The form that developed during the Song era, Neo-Confucianism, was the introduction addiction closest China had to a state religion. It stressed the indivisibility of social harmony, moral orthodoxy and ritualized behavior. For women, Neo-Confucianism placed extra emphasis on chastity, obedience and john keynes diligence. A good wife should have no desire other than to serve her husband, no ambition other than to produce a son, and essays on crime trends no interest beyond subjugating herself to her husband’s family—meaning, among other things, she must never remarry if widowed. Every Confucian primer on moral female behavior included examples of women who were prepared to die or suffer mutilation to prove their commitment to maynard, the “Way of the Sages.” The act of foot-binding—the pain involved and the physical limitations it created—became a woman’s daily demonstration of her own commitment to Confucian values. The truth, no matter how unpalatable, is that foot-binding was experienced, perpetuated and administered by women. Though utterly rejected in essays on crime trends China now—the last shoe factory making lotus shoes closed in 1999—it survived for a thousand years in essay maynard part because of women’s emotional investment in the practice.
The lotus shoe is a reminder that the history of essays on crime trends, women did not follow a straight line from misery to progress, nor is essay john maynard, it merely a scroll of patriarchy writ large. Shangguan, Li and Liang had few peers in Europe in their own time. But with the advent of foot-binding, their spiritual descendants were in the West. Meanwhile, for the next 1,000 years, Chinese women directed their energies and talents toward achieving a three-inch version of physical perfection. Addiction Research Paper? SIGN UP for our newsletter.
Amanda Foreman is the award-winning author of Georgiana: Duchess of Devonshire and A World on Fire: Britain's Crucial Role in the American Civil War . Her next book The World Made by Women: A History of Women from the about john maynard Age of Cleopatra to the Era of Thatcher , is slated for publication by Random House (US) and Allen Lane (UK) in 2015.
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a long speech Radio Speech - Share Our Wealth. (as entered into the 12 March 1935 Congressional Records) Broadcast 7 March 1935, National Broadcasting Company, New York. Ladies and gentlemen, it has been publicly announced that the keynes White House orders of the Roosevelt administration have declared war on HUEY LONG. The late and lamented, the introduction drug research paper pampered ex-crown prince, Gen. Hugh S. Essay About Maynard? Johnson, one of those satellites loaned by Wall Street to run the Government, and essay on the godfather, who, at the end of his control over and dismissal from the NRA, pronounced it as dead as a dodo, this Mr. Johnson was apparently selected to make the lead-off speech in this White House charge begun last Monday night. The Johnson speech was followed by more fuss and fury on behalf of the administration by spellbinders in and out of Congress. In a far-away island, when a queen dies, her first favorite is done the essay about john honor to be buried alive with her. The funeral procession of the NRA (another one of these new-deal schisms or isms) is introduction drug addiction research paper, about ready to occur. It is said that General Johnson's speech of Monday night to attack me was delivered on the eve of announcing the john maynard publication of his obituary in the Red Book Magazine. Seems then that soon this erstwhile prince of the deranged alphabet makes ready to appear at the funeral of NRA like unto the research colored lady in Mississippi who there asserted: I is de wife of dese remains.
I shall undertake to cover my main subject and make answer to these gentlemen in the course of this speech tonight. It will serve no purpose to essay about maynard keynes our distressed people for essays trends me to about john call my opponents more bitter names than they call me. On Crime Trends? Even were I able, I have not the time to present my side of the argument and match them in billingsgate or profanity. What is this trouble with this administration of Mr. [Franklin D.] Roosevelt, Mr. [Hugh S.] Johnson, Mr. [James A.] Farley,l Mr. [Vincent] Astor, and all their spoilers and spellbinders? They think that HUEY LONG is the cause of all their worry. They go gunning for me. But, am I the essay about john keynes cause of their misery? They are like old Davy Crockett, who went out to hunt a possum.
He saw in the gleam of the moonlight that a possum in pay someone to write an essay, the top of about john maynard keynes, a tree was going from research, limb to limb. He shot and maynard keynes, missed. He saw the possum again. He fired a second time and missed again. Soon he discovered that it was not a possum he saw at all in the top of that tree. It was a louse in essays on crime, his own eyebrow. I do not make this illustration to do discredit to any of these gentlemen. I make it to show how often we imagine we see great trouble being done to us by someone at a distance, when, in reality, all of it may be a fault in john maynard, our own make-up. The trouble with the an essay for you Roosevelt administration is that when their schemes and isms have failed, these things I told them not to do and about john maynard, voted not to do, that they think it will help them to light out on those of us who warned them in the beginning that the tangled messes and noble experiments would not work.
The Roosevelt administration has had its way for essays two years. They have been allowed to set up or knock down anything and everybody. About John Maynard? There was one difference between [Herbert] Hoover and on crime trends, Roosevelt. Hoover could not get the Congress to carry out the schemes he wanted to try. We managed to lick him on a roll call in the United States Senate time after time. Maynard Keynes? But, different with Mr.
Roosevelt. Pay Someone To Write An Essay? He got his plans through Congress. About Maynard? But on cold analysis they were found to introduction drug addiction be the same things Hoover tried to pass and failed. Essay About? The kitchen cabinet that sat in to advise Hoover was not different from the kitchen cabinet which advised Roosevelt. Many of the persons are the same. Many of those in Roosevelt's kitchen cabinet are of the same men or set of men who furnished employees to sit in the kitchen cabinet to drug research paper advise Hoover.
Maybe you see a little change in the man waiting on the tables, but back in essay about maynard, the kitchen the same set of cooks are fixing up the victuals for us that cooked up the mess under Hoover. Why, do you think this Roosevelt's plan for plowing up cotton, corn, and wheat; and for pouring milk in the river, and for to write destroying and about john, burying hogs and cattle by the millions, all while people starve and go naked -- do you think those plans were the introduction addiction original ideas of this Roosevelt administration? If you do, you are wrong. The whole idea of that kind of thing first came from Hoover's administration. Don't you remember when Mr. Essay About John Maynard Keynes? Hoover proposed to plow up every fourth row of cotton?
We laughed him into scorn. President Roosevelt flayed him for grendel essay topics proposing such a thing in about john, the speech which he made from the steps of the capitol in research paper, Topeka, Kans. And so we beat Mr. Hoover on his plan. But when Mr. Roosevelt started on his plan, it was not to plow up every fourth row of cotton as Hoover tried to essay about john keynes do. Roosevelt's plan was to plow up every third row of cotton, just one-twelfth more cotton to be plowed up than Hoover proposed. Roosevelt succeeded in his plan. So it has been that while millions have starved and gone naked; so it has been that while babies have cried and died for milk; so it has been that while people have begged for meat and bread, Mr.
Roosevelt's administration has sailed merrily along, plowing under and destroying the things to eat and to wear, with tear-dimmed eyes and hungry souls made to essay on the godfather chant for this new deal so that even their starvation dole is not taken away, and meanwhile the food and clothes craved by their bodies and john, souls go for on the godfather destruction and ruin. What is it? Is it government? Maybe so. It looks more like St. Essay About Maynard? Vitus dance. Now, since they sallied forth with General Johnson to start the war on essay warming, me, let us take a look at this NRA that they opened up around here two years ago. They had parades and Fascist signs just as Hitler, and Mussolini. They started the john dictatorship here to an essay for you regiment business and labor much more than anyone did in Germany or Italy.
The only difference was in the sign. Italy's sign of the Fascist was a black shirt. Germany's sign of the Fascist was a swastika. Essay John? So in America they sidetracked the Stars and Stripes, and the sign of the Blue Eagle was used instead. Introduction Paper? And they proceeded with the NRA. John Keynes? Everything from a peanut stand to a power house had to have a separate book of rules and laws to regulate what they did.
If a peanut stand started to parch a sack of goobers for sale, they had to be careful to essay on global effects go through the rule book. One slip and he went to jail. A little fellow w ho pressed a pair of pants went to jail because he charged 5 cents under the price set in the rule book. So they wrote their NRA rule book, codes, laws, etc. They got up over 900 of them. One would be as thick as an unabridged dictionary and about maynard, as confusing as a study of the drug addiction research stars. It would take 40 lawyers to tell a shoe-shine stand how to operate and be certain he didn't go to jail. Some people came to me for advice, as a lawyer, on how to run business. I took several days and essay john maynard, then couldn't understand it myself. On Crime? The only thing I could tell them was that it couldn't be much worse in jail than it was out of jail with that kind of thing going on in the john maynard country, and so to essay on the godfather movie go on and do the best they could. The whole thing of Mr.
Roosevelt, as run under General Johnson, became such a national scandal that Roosevelt had to let Johnson slide out essay john maynard as the scapegoat. Let them call for an NRA parade tomorrow and you couldn't get enough people to pay someone to write an essay for you form a funeral march. It was under this NRA and the other funny alphabetical combinations which followed it that we ran the essay john maynard keynes whole country into a mares nest. The Farleys and Johnsons combed the introduction paper land with agents, inspectors, supervisors, detectives, secretaries, assistants, etc., all armed with the essay about john power to arrest and send to jail whomever they found not living up to some rule in introduction drug, one of these 900 catalogs. One man whose case reached the Supreme Court of the United States was turned loose because they couldn't even find the rule he was supposed to have violated in a search throughout the essay about keynes United States. And now it is with PWA's, CWA's, NRA's, AAA's, J-UG's, G-IN's, and every other flimsy combination that the grendel topics country finds its affairs and essay about, business tangled to pay someone to write where no one can recognize it.
More men are now out of essay about maynard, work than ever; the debt of the culture thesis United States has gone up another $10 billion. Essay John Maynard? There is starvation; there is grendel, homelessness; there is misery on john keynes, every hand and corner, but mind you, in the meantime, Mr. Roosevelt has had his way. He is one man that can't blame any of his troubles on organizational culture thesis, HUEY LONG. He has had his way. Down in essay about maynard, my part of the country if any man has the measles he blames that on me; but there is one man that can't blame anything on anybody but himself, and that is Mr. Franklin De-La-No Roosevelt. And now, on top of that, they order war on me because nearly 4 years ago I told Hoover's crowd it wouldn't do and because 3 years ago I told Roosevelt and his crowd it wouldn't do. In other words, they are in a rage at to write for you HUEY LONG because I have said, I told you so. I am not overstating the conditions now prevailing in this country.
In their own words they have confessed all I now say or ever have said. Mr. Roosevelt and even Mrs. Essay John Maynard? Roosevelt have bewailed the topics fact that food, clothes, and shelter have not been provided for the people. Even Gen. About Maynard? Hugh S. Johnson said in essays on crime trends, his speech of Monday night that there are 80 million people in America who are badly hurt or wrecked by this depression. Mr. Harry Hopkins, who runs the relief work, says the dole roll has risen now to essay keynes 22,375,000 persons, the highest it has ever been. And now, what is there for the Roosevelt crowd to do but to admit the facts and admit further that they are now on their third year, making matters worse instead of better all the time? No one is to blame, except them, for topics what is essay about keynes, going on because they have had their way. And if they couldn't change the thing in grendel topics, over two years, now bogged down worse than ever, how could anyone expect any good of about john maynard, them hereafter?
God save us two more years of the disaster we have had under that gang. Grendel? Now, my friends, when this condition of distress and suffering among so many millions of our people began to develop in the Hoover administration, we knew then what the trouble was and what we would have to do to correct it. I was the first man to say publicly -- but Mr. Roosevelt followed in my tracks a few months later and said the same thing. About John Maynard? We said that all of our trouble and grendel topics, woe was due to the fact that too few of our people owned too much of our wealth. We said that in our land, with too much to eat, and essay, too much to wear, and too many houses to live in, too many automobiles to essays on crime trends be sold, that the only trouble was that the people suffered in the land of about, abundance because too few controlled the money and the wealth and too many did not have money with which to buy the things they needed for life and comfort. So I said to the people of the United States in my speeches which I delivered in the United States Senate in the early part of 1932 that the only way by which we could restore our people to reasonable life and comfort was to limit the size of the big man's fortune and guarantee some minimum to the fortune and comfort of the little man's family. Grendel Topics? I said then, as I have said since, that it was inhuman to essay about maynard keynes have food rotting, cotton and wool going to waste, houses empty, and at the same time to have millions of our people starving, naked, and homeless because they could not buy the things which other men had and for which they had no use whatever. So we convinced Mr. Franklin Delano Roosevelt that it was necessary that he announce and grendel, promise to the American people that in about maynard keynes, the event he were elected President of the United States he would pull down the size of the big man's fortune and essay godfather, guarantee something to every family -- enough to do away with all poverty and to give employment to those who were able to work and education to keynes the children born into the world. Mr.
Roosevelt made those promises; he made them before he was nominated in the Chicago convention. He made them again before he was elected in research, November, and he went so far as to remake those promises after he was inaugurated President of the United States. And I thought for a day or two after he took the oath as President, that maybe he was going through with his promises. No heart was ever so saddened; no person's ambition was ever so blighted, as was mine when I came to the realization that the President of the United States was not going to undertake what he had said he would do, and what I know to essay about keynes be necessary if the people of America were ever saved from on global, calamity and misery. So now, my friends, I come to that point where I must in a few sentences describe to you just what was the cause of our trouble which became so serious in 1929, and which has been worse ever since. The wealth in essay about maynard keynes, the United States was three times as much in 1910 as it was in 1890, and yet the masses of our people owned less in 1910 than they did in 1890. Essays? In the year 1916 the condition had become so bad that a committee provided for by the Congress of the United States reported that 2 percent of the essay maynard people in the United States owned 60 percent of the wealth in the country, and that 65 percent of the people owned less than 5 percent of the pay someone for you wealth. This report showed, however, that there was a middle class -- some 33 percent of the people -- who owned 35 percent of the wealth. About John Maynard Keynes? This report went on organizational thesis, to say that the trouble with the American people at essay about john maynard keynes that time was that too much of the wealth was in essay on the, the hands of too few of the people, and recommended that something be done to about keynes correct the evil condition then existing.
It was at about the trends same time that many of our publications began to deplore the fact that so few people owned so much and essay john keynes, that so many people owned so little. Among those commenting upon that situation was the Saturday Evening Post, which, in an issue of September 23, 1916, said: Along one statistical line you can figure out an essay for you a Nation bustling with wealth; along another a bloated plutocracy comprising 1 percent of the population lording it over a starving horde with only a thin margin of essay about john maynard keynes, merely well-to-do in between. And it was, as the Saturday Evening Post and the committee appointed by Congress said, it was a deplorable thing back in 1916, when it was found that 2 percent of the pay someone an essay for you people owned twice as much as all of the remainder of the people put together, and that 65 percent of all of our people owned practically nothing. But what did we do to correct that condition? Instead of moving to about keynes take these big fortunes from the top and grendel topics, spreading them among the suffering people at the bottom, the financial masters of America moved in to take complete charge of the Government for john maynard fear our lawmakers might do something along that line. And as a result, 14 years after the report of 1916, the Federal Trade Commission made a study to see how the wealth of this land was distributed, and did they find it still as bad as it was in 1916? They found it worse! They found that 1 percent of the people owned about 59 percent of the wealth, which was almost twice as bad as what was said to be an intolerable condition in 1916, when 2 percent of the people owned 60 percent of the wealth. And as a result of essay on global effects, foreclosures, failures, and bankruptcies, which began to happen prior to and in the year of 1929, before the campaign of 1932, and at this late date, it is the estimate of all conservative statisticians that 75 percent of the people in the United States don't own anything, that is, not enough to pay their debts, and that 4 percent of the people, or maybe less than 4 percent of the people, own from 85 to 90 percent of all our wealth in the United States.
Remember, in 1916 there was a middle class -- 33 percent of the people -- who owned 35 percent of the wealth. That middle class is practically gone today. It no longer exists. They have dropped into the ranks of the poor. The thriving man of independent business standing is maynard, fast fading. Essay On Global Effects? The corner grocery store is becoming a thing of the past. Concentrated chain-merchandise and banking systems have laid waste to maynard keynes all middle opportunity. That thin margin of merely well-to-do in between which the Saturday Evening Post mentioned on September 23, 1916, has dwindled to organizational thesis practically no margin of well-to-do in between. Those suffering on essay, the bottom and the few lords of finance on essays on crime, the top are nearly all that are left. It became apparent that the billionaires and multimillionaires even began to squeeze out the common millionaires, closing in and taking their properties and wrecking their businesses. And so we arrived (and are still there) at the place that in abundant America where we have everything for which a human heart can pray, the hundreds of maynard, millions -- or, as General Johnson says, the 80 million -- of our people are crying in misery for the want of the essay on global warming effects things which they need for life, notwithstanding the fact that the country has had and essay about keynes, can have more than the entire human race can consume.
The 125 million people of America have seated themselves at the barbecue table to an essay for you consume the products which have been guaranteed to them by their Lord and Creator. There is provided by the Almighty what it takes for them all to eat; yea, more. There is provided more than what is needed for all to about maynard eat. Introduction Drug? But the financial masters of America have taken off the barbecue table 90 percent of the food placed thereon by God, through the labors of mankind, even before the feast begins, and there is left on that table to be eaten by 125 million people less than should be there for 10 million of them. John Keynes? What has become of the pay someone an essay remainder of those things placed on essay maynard keynes, the table by the Lord for the use of us all? They are in the hands of the Morgans, the Rockefellers, the Mellons, the Baruches, the Bakers, the Astors, and grendel essay topics, the Vanderbilts -- 600 families at the most either possessing or controlling the entire 90 percent of all that is in America. They cannot eat the food, they cannot wear the essay about maynard clothes, so they destroy it. They have it rotted; they plow it up; they pour it into the rivers; they bring destruction through the acts of mankind to let humanity suffer; to grendel topics let humanity go naked; to let humanity go homeless, so that nothing may occur that will do harm to their vanity and to their greed.
Like the dog in the manger, they command a wagon load of hay, which the dog would not allow the keynes cow to eat, though he could not eat it himself. So now, ladies and gentlemen, we come to that plan of mine for which I have been so roundly denounced and condemned by such men as Mr. Farley, Mr. Robinson, and Gen. Topics? Hugh S. Johnson, and other spellers and speakers and spoilers of the Roosevelt administration. It is for the redistribution of wealth and for guaranteeing comforts and john maynard keynes, conveniences to paper all humanity out of essay keynes, this abundance in our country. I hope none will be horror-stricken when they hear me say that we must limit the size of the big man's fortune in order to guarantee a minimum of fortune, life and comfort to the little man; but, if you are, think first that such is the declaration on which Roosevelt rode into the nomination and election of President. Introduction Drug Research? While my urgings are declared by john maynard keynes, some to be the average of a madman, and by such men as General Johnson as insincere bait of a pied piper, if you will listen to me you will find that it is restating the laws handed down by God to man; you will find that it was the exact provision of the contract and law of the Pilgrim Fathers who landed at Plymouth in 1620. Here's what the Pilgrim Fathers said in the contract with the early settlers in the year 1620. I read you article 5 from that contract: 5: That at introduction drug addiction ye end of essay about john keynes, ye 7. years, ye capital profits, viz. the houses, lands, goods, and chattels, be equally divided betwixt ye adventurers, and planters; which done, every man shall be free from culture, other of them of any debt or detriment concerning this adventure.
So the Pilgrim Fathers wrote into the covenant to do just exactly what the Bible said to do, that they should have an equal division of the wealth every seven years. I don't go that far; I merely advocate that no man be allowed to become so big that he makes paupers out of a million other people. You will find that it is the cornerstone on john keynes, which nearly every religion since the beginning of man has been founded. Essay Topics? You will find that it was urged by Bacon, Milton, and Shakespeare in essay john maynard keynes, England, by Socrates, Plato, Theognis, and other wisest of men in Greece, by Pope Pius XI in the Vatican, by the world's greatest inventor, Marconi in Italy, by Daniel Webster, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Jackson, William Jennings Bryan, and Theodore Roosevelt in the United States, as well as by nearly all of the thousands of great men whose names are yet mentioned in movie, history. The principle was not only the mainspring of Roosevelt's nomination and election, but in the closing speech of Herbert Hoover at essay keynes Madison Square Garden in November 1932, even Hoover said: My conception of America is a land where men and women may walk in ordered liberty, where they may enjoy the introduction drug addiction research paper advantages of wealth, not concentrated in the hands of a few but diffused through the lives of all.
And so now I come to give you again that plan, taken from these leaders of all times and from the Bible, for the sponsoring of which I am labeled America's menace, madman, pied piper, and demagogue. First: That every big fortune shall be cut down immediately by a capital levy tax to about john maynard keynes where no one will own more than a few million dollars, as a matter of fact, to where no one can very long own a fortune in excess of about three to four millions of topics, dollars. I propose that the surplus of all the big fortunes, above the few millions to any one person at the most, shall go into maynard, the United States ownership. On The Godfather Movie? How would we get all these surplus fortunes into the United States Treasury? Not hard to do. We would not do it by making everyone sell what he owned; no. We would send everyone a questionnaire. On that he would list the properties he owns, lands and houses, stocks and bonds, factories and patents, and so on. Every man would place his appraisal on his property, which the Government would review and maybe change on some items. On that appraisal the big fortune holder would say out of what property he would retain the few millions allowed to him, the balance to essay about john go to the United States. Say Mr.
Henry Ford should allow that he owned all the stock of the essay godfather movie Ford Motor Co., worth, say, $2 billion; he could claim, say $4 million of the Ford stock, but $1,996,000,000 would go to the United States. Say the Rockefeller fortune was listed at $10 billion in oil stocks, bank stocks, money, and essay about, stores. Each Rockefeller could say whether he wanted his limit in organizational, either the money, oil, or bank stocks, but about about, nine billion and eight hundred million would go to the Government. And so, in this way, the Government of the United States would come into the possession of about two-fifths of its wealth, which on normal values would be worth, say, $165 billion. Then we would turn to the inventories of the 25 million families of America. Essay On The Godfather? All those who showed properties and money clear of debts that were above $5,000 and up to essay about john maynard the limit of a few millions would not be touched.
But those showing less than $5,000 to the family free of debt would be added to, so that every family would start life again with homestead possessions of at least a home and the comforts needed for a home, including such things as a radio and an automobile. These things would go to every family as a homestead, not to be sold either for debts or taxes or even by consent of the owner except by the consent of the court or Government, and then only on condition that the court hold it to be spent for the purpose of buying another home and comforts thereof. Such would mean that the pay someone to write $165 billion or more taken from big fortunes would have about $100 billion of john maynard keynes, it used to provide all with the comforts of home and essays on crime, living. The Government might have to issue warrants for essay about john keynes claim and location, or even currency to be retired from such property as was claimed, but all that is a detail not impractical to get these homes into drug research, the hands of the people. About John? So America would start again with millionaires, but no multi-millionaires or billionaires; with some poor, but none too poor to be denied the comforts of life. America, however, would still have maybe a $65 billion balance from these big fortunes not yet used to set up the poor people. What would we do with that? Wait a moment. I am coming to that, too.
Second: We propose that after homes and comforts of homes have been set up for the families of the grendel essay country, that we shall turn our attention to the children and the youth of the land, providing first for their education and training. We would not have to worry about the problem of child labor, because the essay maynard very first thing which we would place in front of every child would be not only a comfortable home during his early years but the essay godfather movie opportunity for education and training, not only through the grammar school and the high school but through college and to include vocational and professional training for every child. If necessary, that would include the living cost of that child while he attended college, if one should be too distant for him to john maynard live at home and conveniently attend, as would be the case with many of grendel essay topics, those living in the rural areas. We now have an educational system, and in States like Louisiana -- and it is the best one -- where school books are furnished free to every child and where transportation by bus is given to every student, however far he may live from a grammar or high school; there is essay about john maynard, a fairly good assurance of education through grammar and high school for the child whose father and godfather, mother have enough at home to about john keynes feed and clothe them. But when it comes to essay topics a matter of essay about john, college education, except in essays on crime trends, few cases the right to a college education is determined at this day and time by the financial ability of the father and mother to pay for the cost and the expense of essay keynes, a college education. It don't make any difference how brilliant a boy or girl may be, that don't give them the essays trends right to essay about a college education in America today. Now, Gen.
Hugh Johnson says I am indeed a very smart demagogue, a wise and dangerous menace. But I am one of those who didn't have the opportunity to secure a college education or training. We propose that the right to education and the extent of education shall be determined and gauged not so much by the financial ability of the parents but by the mental ability and energy of a child to absorb the learning at a college. Culture Thesis? This should appeal to General Johnson, who says I am a smart man, since, had I enjoyed the learning and college training which my plan would provide for others, I might not have fallen into the path of the dangerous menace and demagogue that he has now found me to be. Remember, we have $65 billion to account for that would lie in the hands of the United States, even after providing home comforts for all families. We will use a large part of it immediately to expand particularly the colleges and universities of this country. About John Maynard Keynes? You would not know the grendel great institutions like Yale, Harvard, and Louisiana State University. Get ready for a surprise. College enrollments would multiply 1,000 percent. We would immediately call in the architects and engineers, the idle professors and scholars of learning.
We would send out a hurry call because the essay about john maynard keynes problem of essay warming, providing college education for all of the essay about john maynard youth would start a fusillade of employment which might suddenly and topics, immediately make it possible for us to essay maynard keynes shorten the hours of labor, even as we contemplate in the balance of drug research paper, our program. And how happy the youth of this land would be tomorrow morning if they knew instantly their right to essay about john maynard a home and the comforts of a home and to complete college and professional training and education were assured! I know how happy they would be, because I know how I would have felt had such a message been delivered to my door. I cannot deliver that promise to the youth of this land tonight, but I am doing my part. I am standing the blows; I am hearing the charges hurled at me from the four quarters of the country. To Write For You? It is the same fight which was made against me in Louisiana when I was undertaking to provide the free school books, free busses, university facilities, and things of that kind to educate the youth of that State as best I could.
It is the same blare which I heard when I was undertaking to provide for the sick and the afflicted. When the youth of essay, this land realizes what is meant and to write an essay, what is contemplated the billingsgate and the profanity of all the Farleys and about john, Johnsons in America can't prevent the light of truth from hurling itself in understandable letters against the dark canopy of the sky. Now, when we have landed at essays trends the place where homes and comforts are provided for all families and complete education and training for all young men and women, the next problem is john keynes, what about our income to sustain our people thereafter. How shall that be arranged to guarantee all the fair share of godfather, what soul and body need to sustain them conveniently. That brings us to about john maynard keynes our next point. We propose: Number 3: We shall shorten the hours of labor by law so much as may be necessary that none will be worked too long and none unemployed. We shall cut the hours of toil to 30 hours per week, maybe less; we may cut the working year to 11 months' work and 1 month's vacation; maybe less.
If our great improvement programs show we need more labor than we may have, we will lengthen the hours as convenience requires. At all events, the hours for essay topics production will be gauged to meet the market for consumption. We will need all our machinery for many years, because we have much public improvement to do; and, further, the more use that we may make of them, the less toil will be required for all of us to survive in splendor. Now, a minimum earning would be established for any person with a family to support. It would be such a living which one, already owning a home, could maintain a family in essay john maynard, comfort, of not less than $2,500 per grendel essay topics year to every family. And now by reason of false statements made, particularly by Mr. Arthur Brisbane and Gen. Hugh S. Johnson, I must make answer to show you that there is more than enough in this country and john maynard keynes, more than enough raised and made every year to do what I propose. Mr. Brisbane says I am proposing to give every person $15,000 for a home and trends, its comforts, and he says that would mean the United States would have to be worth over a trillion dollars.
Why make that untrue statement, Mr. Brisbane? You know that is not so. I do not propose any home and comfort of $15,000 to each person -- it is a minimum of john keynes, $5,000 to every family, which would be less than $125 billion, which is less than one-third of this Nation's wealth in normal times of $400 billion. General Johnson says that my proposal is for $5,000 guaranteed earning to each family, which he says would cost from four to five hundred millions of dollars per year, which he says is four times more than our whole national income ever has been. To Write? Why make such untrue statements, General Johnson? Must you be a false witness to essay about maynard argue your point? I do not propose $5,000 income per year to each family.
I propose a minimum of from $2,000 to $2,500 income per year to each family. Organizational Thesis? For 25 million families that minimum income per family would require from $50 billion to john maynard keynes $60.6 billion. In the prosperous days we have had nearly double that for income some years already, which allowed plenty for the affluent; but with the unheard prosperity we would have, if all our people could buy what they need, our national income would be double what it has ever been. The Wall Street writer and statistician says we could have an income of at least $10,000 to every family in goods if all worked short hours and none were idle. According to essay on the him, only one-fourth of the average income would carry out my plan.
And now I come to the remainder of the plan. We propose: Number 4: That agricultural production will be cared for in the manner specified in the Bible. We would plow under no crops; we would burn no corn; we would spill no milk into the river; we would shoot no hogs; would slaughter no cattle to be rotted. Essay About John Maynard Keynes? What we would do is this: We would raise all the cotton that we could raise, all the corn that we could raise, and everything else that we could raise. Let us say, for example, that we raised more cotton than we could use. But here again I wish to surprise you when I say that if everyone could buy all the towels, all the sheets, all the bedding, all the clothing, all the carpets, all the window curtains, and all of everything else he reasonably needs; America would consume 20 million bales of cotton per year without having to organizational culture sell a bale to the foreign countries. The same would be true of the wheat crop, and of the corn crop, and of the meat crop. Whenever everyone could buy the things he desires to eat, there would be no great excess in any of those food supplies. But for the sake of the argument, let us say, however, that there would be a surplus. And I hope there will be, because it will do the about john maynard country good to have a big surplus. Let us take cotton as an essay topics example.
Let us say that the essay maynard United States will have a market for 10 million bales of on global, cotton and that we raise 15 million bales of cotton. We will store 5 million bales in essay john, warehouses provided by the Government. Essay Topics? If the next year we raise 15 million bales of cotton and only need 10, we will store another 5 million bales of cotton, and john maynard, the Government will care for essay on global effects that. When we reach the essay about john year when we have enough cotton to organizational culture last for twelve or eighteen months, we will plant no more cotton for about maynard keynes that next year. On The Godfather Movie? The people will have their certificates of the Government which they can cash in for that year for the surplus, or if necessary, the Government can pay for the whole 15 million bales of cotton as it is produced every year; and when the year comes that we will raise no cotton, we will not leave the people idle and with nothing to do. That is the year when, in the cotton States, we will do our public improvement work that needs to be done so badly. We will care for the flood-control problems; we will extend the electricity lines into rural areas; we will widen roads and build more roads; and if we have a little time left, some of us can go back and attend a school for a few months and essay john maynard, not only learn some of the things we have forgotten but we can learn some things that they have found out about that they didn't know anything about organizational culture, when we were children.
Now the example of what we would do about cotton is the same policy we would follow about all other crops. About John Keynes? This program would necessitate the building of large storage plants, both heated and cold storage, and warehouses in all the counties of introduction addiction paper, America, and that building program alone would take up all the idle people that America has today. But the money spent would go for good and would prevent any trouble happening in the future. And then there is another good thing. If we would fill these warehouses, then if there were to come a year of famine there would be enough on hand to feed and clothe the people of the essay john Nation. It would be the part of good sense to keep a year or two of stock on on global warming, hand all the time to provide for an emergency, maybe to provide for about john war or other calamity. I give you the next step in our program: Number 5: We will provide for old-age pensions for those who reach the pay someone to write for you age of 60 and pay it to all those who have an income of less than $1,000 per year or less than $10,000 in property or money. This would relieve from the ranks of essay john, labor those persons who press down the grendel essay topics price for the use of their flesh and blood. Now the person who reaches the age of 60 would already have the comforts of home as well as something else guaranteed by essay about keynes, reason of the redistribution that had been made of things. They would be given enough more to on the godfather movie give them a reasonably comfortable existence in their declining days.
However, such would not come from a sales tax or taxes placed upon the common run of people. It would be supported from the taxes levied on those with big incomes and essay about maynard keynes, the yearly tax that would be levied on big fortunes, so that they would always be kept down to a few million dollars to any one person. Number 6: We propose that the obligations which this country owes to the veterans of its wars, including the soldiers' bonus and to care for those who have been either incapacitated or disabled, would be discharged without stint or unreasonable limit. I have always supported each and every bill that has had to do with the payment of the bonus due to organizational culture the ex-service men. I have always opposed reducing the allowances which they have been granted.
It is an essay maynard unfair thing for a country to begin its economy while big fortunes exist by inflicting misery on those who have borne the burden of national defense. Now, ladies and gentlemen, such is the share-our-wealth movement. What I have here stated to essay warming effects you will be found to be approved by the law of our Divine Maker. Essay? You will find it in the Book of Leviticus, from the twenty-fifth to the twenty-seventh chapters. You will find it in the writings of King Solomon.
You will find it in the teachings of Christ. Essay On The Godfather? You will find it in the words of our great teachers and statesmen of all countries and of all times. If you care to write to me for such proof, I shall be glad to furnish it to you, free of expense, by mail. Will you not organize a share-our-wealth society in your community tonight or tomorrow to place this plan into law? You need it; your people need it. Write me, wire to me; get into this work with us if you believe we are right. Help to essay john maynard save humanity. Help to save this country.
If you wish a copy of this speech or a copy of any other speech I have made, write me and it will be forwarded to you. You can reach me always in Washington, D. Essay Movie? C. Text Source : The Congressional Record, March 12, 1935. Essay John? Image Source : NARS, FDR Library NPX-83-73. Copyright Status : Text Image = Public domain.
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Free Essays on Integrity In The Army. ARMY CORE VALUES LDRSHIP is the about maynard keynes, acronym which stands for: Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and Personal Courage LOYALTY: Bear true faith and allegiance to the US Constitution, the Army , your unit, and other soldiers. Be loyal to the nation and its heritage. Loyalty is a two-way. States Army we are taught to live by organizational culture, the Seven Army Values. They are broken down to us in the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’ which is short for Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and Personal Courage. We are all taught these 7 Army values repeatedly from day one in the United States Army . Essay About Keynes! First. Responsibility and to write for you, Integrity Military duties, responsibilities and essay maynard, integrity is important to introduction addiction research the Army . An NCO duties includes taking care of about john maynard keynes, his or her Soldiers and essay, accomplishing the mission. A Soldier’s duty includes obeying orders.
Duty and Responsibility is part of the essay about maynard, Army values for a. Many people know what the words Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and introduction addiction research paper, Personal Courage mean. But how often do you see someone actually live up to them? Soldiers learn these values in detail during Basic Combat Training (BCT), from then on they live them every day in essay john maynard everything. Army values: These are put forth as guidelines. Guidelines as to what a soldier in the United States Army should utilize to keep in good order and conduct while serving their Army . Not utilizing these values could put you at risk, at risk of acting in a way that is unbecoming of grendel, a soldier in the United. functions of the Authority Centre for Pakistan and Gulf Studies » The National Action Plan: An Overview Afterthe attack in Peshawar on about maynard keynes, Army public school that claimed the lives of culture, 149 including 8 school teachers, the government, political leadership and armed forces have embarked upon a. United States Army and Selfless Service. even Army Values In The Acronym ‘Ldrship’ make the correct choices and do the right thing. I was told to write this essay about the army values, focusing on Integrity and Honor. I must have started 15-20.
The Army Values encompasses discipline, self-control and essay, faith in essays the system.Live up to all. Being Unaccountable and Unprofessional. States of essay about john, America's ARMY Darrin Ingraham ESSAY Friday, March 06, 2009 Outline I. Introduction/ Background II. Infraction III. Organizational Culture! UCMJ Article 92 IV. The importance of morning accountability in the army V. The importance of professionalism and army values. . Army Profession and the Army Value Respect.
includes but is not limited to about john maynard accountability, integrity , compassion, and essay warming, excellence. Accountability is the about john maynard, responsibility and actions of a professional. He or she is essay on the godfather responsible for achieving the maximum potential for the profession. A professional with integrity has the fundamental morals to do what is. Army Values Army Values and the Leader LOYALTY Leaders who demonstrate loyalty: Bear true faith and allegiance in about john keynes the correct order to essays on crime trends the Constitution, the Army , and essay about, the organization. Observe higher headquarters' priorities. Work within the system without manipulating it for personal gain. LIVING THE ARMY VALUES It Means You Live Up To A Higher Standard Many people know what the words Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage mean.
But how often do you see someone actually live up to essays them? Soldiers learn these values in john detail during Basic. Accountability and Army Values Accountability is essential to the army to keep up and organizational, maintain where personnel are and if everything is ok with them. About Maynard Keynes! The U.S. army values states that’s soldiers that are accountable for their actions. Being accountable means being dependable and arriving to work and. will be mentioning some of the Army Values to give an understanding on how being and not being at the appointed place of duty can effect yourself, fellow soldiers, chain of command, the mission and tasks at hand. Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, and Integrity will be the army values I have chosen to use. those around us and we will be respected. This is certainly true not only in everyday life but within our military as well. Respect is part of the Army Values that define us as soldiers and how we should act as professionals fighting for the rights and privileges of our country members. We should always.
? Many people know what the words Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage mean. Essay Warming! But you don't see how much these words can affect people's lives as much as they do a soldier's life. As a soldier, I learned these values during basic combat training, and have since. There is an john maynard keynes old saying among army leaders, “Take care of your people, and essays trends, they’ll take care of you.” The reasons are to start, because of the Army Values, the NCO creed, and about john maynard, basic morals. The Army Values: loyalty, duty, RESPECT, selfless service, honor, integrity , and personal courage.
These are. The Army Standards The Army Standards Jimmie Leigh Simmons Dr. Tina M. Lamb Business Ethics 301 Abstract The Army is nothing like any other military worldwide. On The Movie! They set themselves apart from all other militaries. The standards are held to a higher level than most. Essay John! I enjoy being in the Army. standards by which one should act based on values. Values are core beliefs such as duty, honor, and essay movie, integrity that motivate attitudes and actions. Not all values are ethical values for about example integrity is; happiness is topics not.
Ethical values relate to what is right and wrong and thus take precedence over. Integrity Integrity is a concept of actions, values, methods, measures, principles, expectations and essay john, outcomes. Integrity is regarded as the quality of drug research paper, having an intuitive sense of honesty and truthfulness in regard to the motivations for one's actions. (1) Do what is right, legally and morally. Integrity. Why Following Orders in the Army Is Important. they have set for the mission.
When soldiers don’t follow the orders, the objectives are hurt and the chances of essay about john keynes, winning the war. When you’re in the army you need to stop and think if it will harm you or your battle buddies. Essay On The Movie! When a soldier doesn’t follow orders while in combat zone it makes the mission. Respect and about john, Integrity in the Military. Respect and integrity , what really do those mean? I could look up those words in the Oxford English Dictionary or Websters, or Dictionary.com and give a scientific, perscise and exact answer to these words.
And while that tells you what they mean, does that really give their meaning. Well by Dictionary. Seven Army Values in the Acronym ‘Ldrship’ In the US army we are taught to live by the 7 army values. To Write An Essay For You! They are broken down to us in about maynard the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’. Loyalty “Bear true faith and trends, allegiance to the U.S. constitution, the essay about john maynard keynes, Army , and other soldiers.” Duty “Fulfill your obligations.” Respect “Treat people as they should be treated.” . Core Army Values negative views on essay, the issue. Essay Maynard! Another army value which is pay someone to write an essay for you next is respect. In the army value definition for respect is to treat others the way you would be treated. Premium Seven Army Values In The Acronym ‘Ldrship’ moral standing. These 7 Army Values. ? Integrity means being true to ourselves and being honest, upright, and decent in essay our dealings with others.
Our conduct speaks for us, more than words ever could. It becomes the basis for both reputation and self-respect. Developing integrity requires internal honesty, because we can’t be honest with. Throughout the history of the Army soldiers have always lived by a set of core values. Today those values exist in the form of the Army’s Seven Core Values. Essay Godfather! These values guide a soldier’s life and their career path. If you fail to live according to these values your career as a soldier will not last.
MILITARY BEARING, DISCIPLINE AND RESPECT The United States Army is structured on several values and principles that it upholds, among these are military bearing, discipline and respect. These principles represents what the organization strongly believes in and governs the most basic customs and courtesies. in Webster’s dictionary as, “obligatory tasks, conduct, service or functions that arise from ones position”. Essay About Maynard! It is one of the primary values in to write an essay for you the Army today. Duty is the reason why we get up every day and prepare to defend the United States of America with our lives. This is why it is very important. What is integrity ? How is integrity used in john keynes our daily lives? What can happen if integrity in an individual is lost? Why is integrity very important? Before I am even able to answer these questions I must first define the word integrity . Then I will explain it in real world examples. Essay! Next I will define.
Accountability and Professionalism. States of America's ARMY DMI's ESSAY September 5, 2008 Outline Intro, Definition of Essay, I. Infraction II. The affect it has on my unit and myself II. The importance of about john maynard keynes, accountability in the army III. The importance of professionalism in the army IV. The 7 Army Core Values BACKFGROUND . Many people know what the words Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage mean. But how often do you see someone actually live up to them? Soldiers learn these values in drug detail during Basic Combat TRAINING (BCT), from essay maynard, then on they live them every day in everything. where they work. If a soldier continues to be late, then that soldier could face the organizational culture, Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), which is covered under Army Regulation 27-10.
Soldiers have to be alert and aware of their surroundings. If information is put out to essay about keynes a soldier, it is the soldier’s individual. Dalton Peters LOYALTY Loyalty is the faithful actions to a person, unit, or Army . It is the thread that binds our actions together and causes us to support each other, our superiors, our family, and our country. Supporting a superior or a program even though it is being openly criticized by peers. Integrity and Personal Opinions About the Army Work Practices. you so please do not be afraid to approach me with any issue you may have, I cannot help a problem if I don't know the on the godfather movie, problem exists. Integrity isn't just an essay Army value, it's a very important life skill as well. If there is one thing I can't stand it's a liar, work related or not.
In our field theres. The Seven Army Vaues and essays, Wha They Mean to essay john keynes Me. WHY THE SEVEN ARMY VALUES ARE IMPORTAN TO THE ARMY AND THIS ORGANIZATION. The seven army values means alot to the army and this organization because it helps build team work. Each army value has a differant meaning to the army and to the organization. Pay Someone An Essay! The first value is loyalty and it is a. group of men but one man. The writer of the article simply refers to him simply as Rowan. Andrew Summers Rowan was a Colonel in about the United States Army . A class of 1881 West Point graduate served proudly until his retirement in 1909. When asked to carry a message to General Garcia, he never questioned. States Military under the guidelines of Army Regulation 600-20. Movie! This regulation prescribes the essay about, policies and essays trends, responsibilities of command, which include the Well-being of the force, military discipline, and conduct, the Army Equal Opportunity Program, and the Army Sexual Assault Victim Program.
Duty is. Accountability and the Army Values. ?16 October 2011 The Army Values, how they tie together, and how they relate to accountability. LDRSHIP is an acronym that simplifies all that an Army soldier stands for. LDRSHIP is short for Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage.
Each of these is a value. Army Values Loyalty | Duty | Respect | Selfless service | Honor | Integrity | Personal courage “ Army Values” is essay about maynard not merely a phrase for how members of the Army should act; they are who we are. We emulate the seven Army Values because they are the standard for behavior, not only in the Army , but in. ? Army Values Integrity Integrity is one of the most talked about and most abused of the essay on the godfather, Seven Army Values. First we must define integrity it is about john maynard keynes doing the right thing consistently. That means that we must do the legally and morally correct thing every time. Just because something is hard or unpleasant. Professionalism in the United States Army. ?Professionalism in the United States Army Professionalism is defined as the conduct or qualities that characterize a professional person. Professionalism in the United States Army is different from any other career.
It is involved in warming effects every part of the United States Army . No matter where you are, at work. ? ARMY VALUES Going through basic training, we are preached and taught all about the essay about john maynard keynes, army values. They are important because they are character traits that help develop and maintain discipline. These values and the resulting discipline, cause soldiers to do the right thing and continue doing the trends, right. The first time I considered joining the Army was shortly after September 11, 2001. That was the first time it became spotlessly clear to me that every individual and every organization is responsible to essay john God, not on drug, the basis of essay about john, their capacity, but their potential. Culture Thesis! Only America could be the “world’s policeman. Loyalty.
Loyalty to the Army is to bear true faith and essay about keynes, allegiance to essay warming the United States Constitution, the Army , your unit and other soldiers. Loyalty is one of the most important Army Values. It is crucial to the success of each team, squad, platoon and john keynes, company. Everyone must always remain loyal to grendel essay topics everyone. The Doctrine 2015 Army Study Guide Mission Command Center of Excellence, Doctrine 2015 http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/MCCOE/Doctrine2015Tables.asp Doctrine 2015 is transforming the Army's doctrinal base to deliver doctrine - clear, concise, current and essay about john keynes, accessible - to the point of need. This process. Honesty and Integrity in the Military.
tell you something about what is non-existent in the military: honesty and integrity . In all of my experiences being enlisted, (only being three years) every single time I was being honest or I tried practicing my integrity , in situations that required it, I had gotten screwed over! Whether the pay someone for you, punishment. What is integrity ? How is integrity used in our daily lives? What can happen if integrity in an individual is lost? Why is integrity very important? Before I am even able to answer these questions I must first define the word integrity . Then I will explain it in real world examples. Next I will define. positive word. The Army holds a strong set of core values.
Each soldier is also required to instill that same set of values and beliefs. The Seven Core Army Values define what being a soldier is about. These values include Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage. INTEGRITY AN ESSAY BY SPC WINSTON Integrity …the state of being unimpaired a steadfast adherence to a Strict or ethical code. The quality of essay about maynard keynes, being whole, undivided, Completeness. This is the book definition but what does it actually mean And how does it correlate with our everyday life in.
How Chewing Gum Violates the Seven Army Values. of getting counseled for such an act, PFC Smith showed that he violated and demonstrated The Seven Army Values: Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage. The Army value that PFC Smith mainly violated was RESPECT. Gum chewing is prohibited and is punishable under. Behavior and Communication in the U.S. An Essay! Army. Behavior and Communication Paper For my first paper I chose to essay john keynes write about the US Army . The reason I chose the US Army for essay on global my topic is because I have a brother in the Army that is being deployed to Iraq in the next couple of months. About John Maynard! Therefore, I thought this would be a very educational topic to research. THE SEVEN ARMY VALUES In the US army we are taught to live by the 7 army values. They are broken down to us in the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’. Loyalty “Bear true faith and allegiance to the U.S. constitution, the Army , and other soldiers.” Duty “Fulfill your obligations.” Respect “Treat people as they should.
why i want to be an officer in the army. Dear Captain , The United States Army is essay on global warming effects one of the main factors that allows America to be a free and democratic country. The Army defends, protects, and essay about keynes, honors the United States of America. Ever since I was a young boy, I saw greatness in the United States Army and hoped to culture one day be a part of it. ?U.S ARMY ETHICS Ethics are standards that are based on value that uphold professionalism through beliefs such as duty, honor and integrity that drives actions and attitudes (Fluker, 2009). Ethical values ultimately relate and are in regards to what is right and wrong. This brings about the john, aspect of. Integrity - Taking Responsibility for One's Qwn Actions. Integrity Taking Responsibility for ones own Actions Integrity is to write for you a multi-side term where we try to bring together various overlapping qualities.
Integrity can be viewed as integrating various parts into about john keynes, a harmonious whole, intact and uncorrupted. Essay! Integrity can also be viewed as one who is holding. Army Values In the US army we are taught to live by about john, the 7- army values. They are broken down to us in the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’ (pronounced as leadership). Loyalty “Bear true faith and allegiance to the U.S. constitution, the Army , and other soldiers.” Duty “Fulfill your obligations.” Respect. What is the on crime trends, importance of respect in the army ? What is the meaning of respect? What does respect have to john keynes do with anything and essay on global effects, how can you be successful without it? Well in about recent turning of organizational thesis, events I have come to find out that it has a very big role in the military lifestyle. I mean in almost every aspect.
HIP PFC POZARZYCKI Being in the United States Army , we are taught not only how to essay about john keynes balance work and play, family mode, and on global effects, career mode, soldier and civilian mode, but also many other things about life, and the way you should act. Like the maynard, way we are taught to always hold. Military Professionalism Professionals in the United States Army stand apart from others engaged in particular careers in the civilian world.While many vocations contain some of the characteristics of professional, a lot of careers do not include all of the essay on the godfather movie, elements necessary to distinguish. Integrity and Responsibility: Two Serious Things to Have in the Army. Integrity and responsibility are to be considered two very serious things to have in the army . Essay About Maynard Keynes! While integrity is one of the seven army values, responsibility is also looked on on the, heavily being in the army . Essay About Keynes! Integrity is defined as to grendel topics be honest or truthful.
I failed to have integrity while not being honest. Headphones or earpieces (including hands-free/wireless and non-wireless electronic devices such as a Bluetooth device) are not authorized while wearing any. Army uniform, unless it is a component piece of military equipment (for example, the headset for essay about maynard keynes a mine detector or a VIC3-style communications headset).